How do I check the oil in my engine?

In order to ensure stable and safe engine operation, the oil level should be checked regularly. In this connection drivers have a lot of questions. How to check the oil in the engine, how often it should be done, how to properly refill the oil – here are the three main points to deal with. If you hit something big and the oil completely leaks out, there is a high risk that the car is unrepairable and it is wise to recycle it:

How often should the oil level be checked?

On expensive foreign cars, special sensors are installed, which automatically give the driver a signal that the oil level is dropping. In this case, nothing more needs to be done. In all other cases, it is necessary to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations.

For example, for old Russian cars, it was considered normal to check the oil level before each trip. In the commercial use of passenger cars, the instructions say that it should be done daily. But in general, it all depends on how often the car is used and how much distance the car travels on a daily basis. For most city cars, which are mostly driven on metropolitan highways, it is enough to check once a week.

How is the check-up performed

For the procedure itself, the motorist will need a cloth rag that does not leave any fibers, as well as a paper towel or toilet paper. From the tools you need only a dipstick.

The test itself is quite simple:

The car should stand on a flat surface, without a slope.
Before checking the engine should warm up, then turn off and take a break for 10-15 minutes after he stopped to the oil had time to drain into the crankcase.
After that you need to take out the dipstick, clean it with a rag or a paper towel.
The dipstick is put back down again, for 3-5 seconds, then it is taken out and the level of oil traces is checked. All manufacturers mark “min” and “max” on the dipstick, so it will be easy to orient.
If the oil level is just between these marks, everything is fine. But if it goes beyond them, that’s a reason to take action. The more so, that oil deficiency is easier to eliminate, and at the same time it is less dangerous than overflow. Experts recommend to always keep at least 1 liter of oil in the trunk to make top-up by yourself, without going to service stations.

What You Must Pay Attention To

Experts say that visual inspection is not enough, you should also smell the dipstick. If a strong smell of fuel will be felt, moreover – burnt, it is necessary to go to a service station for full diagnostics.

In addition to determining the level, it is necessary to understand, whether the oil has worked out its resource. To do it, return the dipstick back to its place and take it out in a few seconds to drop oil on a napkin or toilet paper. In general, the dark color of the oil does not indicate a malfunction; it always darkens in service. But you have to look closely at the stain. It will always be darker in the center, because that is where the contamination is fixed, towards the edges it is lighter. The difference in diameters of these spots and tells about working off the resource. If the spot has become uniformly dark, it is time to change the oil.

You should also look at the filler cap. If emulsion and sludge accumulate there, the oil will also have to be changed.

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